Kalinga are the peace-loving people of Kalinga province. They are part of Cordillera Autonomous Region not colonized by the Spaniards.  The society is organized into endogamous groups stemming from budong alliances. Because of their dress and personal ornamentations, the Kalinga have been dubbed the "Peacocks of the North." Their octagonal house in southern Kalinga is distinctive, as well as the peace pacts that they enter into to preserve relationships with neighboring groups.  - National Commission for Culture and the Arts.



Depicts birds flying over the rice fertile lands and mountains in Kalinga 


Depicts villagers gathering and building their source of life, the fertile rice terraces 


Kalasag meaning shield portrays the strength of Kalinga warriors protecting their community.  The sacred Kalinga tattoo, chaklag, on the men's chest, earned after a successful headhunt expedition.  


Gathering of Kalinga elders or Pangat in a peace pact called Pagta. The Pangat is a leader of community achievement, development and welfare, and peace and order. They are also source of wisdom, wearing distinct apparels as symbol of authority and revernce behind their personalities. 


Kalinga courtship dance  


Symbolizes unity in marriage or within the community. Each representative of the family or community brings offerings or gifts.


A ritual dance to open any celebration, such as a fiesta or wedding or any ceremony, to drive away evil spirits and to enlighten feelings.


This is a stamping dance, or the dance of the rice terraces. After a rice terrace is constructed and during the ritual ceremony, men and women stamp their feet at the rice paddies to prevent erosion and to pray for an abundant harvest.


Kalinga men imitate the movements of a rooster, using the blanket as their wings, vying for the love of a Kalinga maiden. The maiden carries earthen pots after fetching water.


The word “ragragsakan” is an Ilocano word which means merriment. The ragragsakan dance was created through the inspiration of Kalinga maidens balancing labba baskets placed on their heads as they carry the things the people need during merrymaking, which usually takes place during triumphant returns of headhunters or successful peace pacts between rival tribes.


In Salidsid, which is also performed during a peace pact, the groom performs intricate footwork and imitates a rooster to impress the bride while the bride imitates the movements of a hen surrounded by the rooster. The dagger and blanket symbolize the protection and comfort they provide for one another. To celebrate the marriage, the bride and her companions dance based on the practice of fetching water while balancing banga, or pots, on their heads.

2016 San Francisco Ethnic Dance Festival

2016 San Francisco Ethnic Dance Festival

Culture Bearer: Jenny Bawer Young

Culture Bearer: Jenny Bawer Young

Photo by Mark Muntean

Photo by Mark Muntean

Illustration: Don Aguillo | Photos: This Is It Photography

Culture Bearers: Cirilo Sapi Bawer, Jenny Bawer Young, Ophel Addom

Ramon Obusan Folkloric Group (Ngilin, Ragragsakan)

Bayanihan Philippine Dance Company (Banga, Salidsid)